The last three are again largely of public housing stock, although new private housing is being built in Trowbridge in considerable number. Pontprennau is the newest 'suburb' of Cardiff, whilst Old St Mellons has a history going back to the Norman Conquest in the 11th century. Fagans , Creigiau, Pentyrch , Tongwynlais and Gwaelod-y-garth. Fagans, home to the Museum of Welsh Life , is protected from further development. Since , there has been a significant change of scale and building height in Cardiff, with the development of the city centre 's first purpose-built high-rise apartments.
Cfb , characterised by mild weather that is often cloudy, wet and windy. Winters tend to be fairly wet, but rainfall is rarely excessive and the temperature usually stays above freezing. Rain is unpredictable at any time of year, although the showers tend to be shorter in summer.
The northern part of the county, being higher and inland, tends to be cooler and wetter than the city centre. Cardiff's maximum and minimum monthly temperatures average For Wales, the temperatures average Cardiff is sunniest during July, with an average Cardiff experiences less rainfall than the average for Wales. Monthly rainfall pattern shows that from October to January average monthly rainfall in Cardiff exceeded millimetres 3. Cardiff's driest months are from April to June, with average monthly rainfall fairly consistent, at between 65 and 75 millimetres 2.
Following a period of decline during the s and s, Cardiff's population is growing. The local authority area had a population of , at the census ,  compared to a Census figure of , Official estimates derived from the census regarding the city's total population have been disputed. The city council has published two articles that argue the census seriously under reports the population of Cardiff and, in particular, the ethnic minority population of some inner city areas.
Personals in nearby states:
The Welsh Government's official mid year estimate of the population of the Cardiff local authority area in was , Cardiff has an ethnically diverse population due to its past trading connections, post-war immigration and the large numbers of foreign students who attend university in the city. The ethnic make-up of Cardiff's population at the time of the census was: This diversity, and especially that of the city's long-established [ citation needed ] African and Arab communities, has been celebrated in a number of cultural exhibitions and events, along with a number of books which have been published on this subject.
The University Hospital of Wales is the third largest hospital in the UK and deals with most accidents and emergencies. Llandough Hospital is located in the south of the city. The city's newest hospital, St. David's Hospital built behind the former building is located in the Canton area and provides services for the elderly and children. Cardiff Royal Infirmary is located on Newport Road, near the city centre.
The majority of this hospital was closed in but with the West Wing remaining open for clinic services, genitourinary medicine and rehabilitation treatment. All hospitals in Cardiff are administered by the Cardiff and Vale University Health Board ,  with the exception of the Velindre site which is run by a separate trust. Cardiff has a chequered linguistic history with Welsh , English, Latin , Norse and Norman French preponderant at different times.
Welsh was the majority language in Cardiff from the 13th century until the city's explosive growth in the Victorian era. Following the establishment of the city's first Welsh School Ysgol Gymraeg Bryntaf in the s, Welsh has regained ground. In addition to English and Welsh, the diversity of Cardiff's population including foreign students means that a large number of languages are spoken within the city.
One study has found that Cardiff has speakers of at least 94 languages, with Somali , Urdu , Bengali and Arabic being the most commonly spoken foreign languages. The modern Cardiff accent is distinct from that of the nearby South Wales Valleys. It is marked primarily by:. Due to its diversity, large student population, and convenient size and location, Cardiff has seen a rise in the number of people coming to the city to learn English. Foreign students coming from Arab states and other European countries are a common sight on the streets of Cardiff. Since , Cardiff has included Llandaff within its boundary, and therefore Llandaff Cathedral , an Anglican cathedral, the parish church of Llandaff and the seat of the Bishop of Llandaff , the head of the Church in Wales Diocese of Llandaff.
There is a Roman Catholic cathedral in the city. Since , Cardiff has been the seat of a Catholic archbishop, but there appears to have been a fall in the estimated Catholic population, with estimated numbers in being around 25, fewer than in The oldest of the non-Christian communities in Wales is Judaism. Jews were not permitted to live in England and Wales between the Edict of Expulsion — given by Edward I of England — and the 17th century. A Welsh Jewish community was re-established in the 18th century.
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The Cardiff Jewish community congregations are consolidated in the present, modern building in Cyncoed Gardens , dedicated by Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks in In the census Cardiff's Muslim population stood at 3. Cardiff has one of the longest-established Muslim populations in the UK, started by Yemeni sailors who settled in the city during the 19th century. The proportion of Cardiff residents declaring themselves to be Hindu, Sikh and Jewish were all considerably higher than the Welsh averages, but less than the UK figures.
The city has been home to a sizable Hindu community since Indian immigrants settled there during the s and s. The first Hindu temple in the city was opened in Grangetown on 6 April on the site of an abandoned printing press which itself was the former site of a synagogue.
In the census As the capital city of Wales, Cardiff is the main engine of growth in the Welsh economy. Industry has played a major part in Cardiff's development for many centuries. The main catalyst for its transformation from a small town into a big city was the demand for coal required in making iron and later steel, brought to the sea by packhorse from Merthyr Tydfil. At its peak, Cardiff's port area, known as Tiger Bay , became the busiest port in the world and — for some time — the world's most important coal port.
Today, Cardiff is the principal finance and business services centre in Wales, and as such there is a strong representation of finance and business services in the local economy. On 1 March , Cardiff was granted Fairtrade City status. Cardiff is one of the most popular tourist destination cities in the United Kingdom, receiving The studios are set to be the biggest in the UK. It features the only Olympic-standard swimming pool in Wales, the Cardiff International Pool , which opened on 12 January The majority of Cardiff's shopping portfolio is in the city centre around Queen Street and St.
The Castle Quarter is a commercial area in the north of the city centre which includes some of Cardiff's Victorian and Edwardian arcades: Development of the area began in February and is expected to be completed by July Cardiff Council says that work to create the Castle Quarter as a pedestrian friendly environment for High Street and St Mary Street is designed to enhance the city centre. Cardiff Central railway station is the largest railway station in Wales with nine platforms, through which over Cardiff Queen Street railway station is the second-busiest in Wales and is the hub for routes via the Valley Lines services that connect the South Wales Valleys and the Cardiff suburbs with the city centre on the former site of Temperance Town.
It is located at the eastern end of the city centre, and also provides services to Cardiff Bay. There are eight lines which serve 20 stations in the city, 26 in the wider urban area including Taffs Well, Penarth and Dinas Powys and more than 60 in the South Wales valleys and the Vale of Glamorgan. There are regular bus services linking the airport with the Cardiff Central bus station as well as a train service from Rhoose Cardiff International Airport railway station to Cardiff Central. The M4 motorway connects Cardiff with Swansea to the west, and Newport and London to the east, with four junctions on the M4 including the one with the A48 M.
The A provides an important link from the city to the Heads of the Valleys road. When completed, the A —also known as the Peripheral Distributor Road— will form part of the Cardiff ring-road system along with the M4 motorway between junctions 30 and The Taff Trail is a walking and cycle path running for 55 miles It is possible to cycle the entire distance of the Trail almost completely off-road, as it largely follows the River Taff and many of the old disused railways of the Glamorganshire valleys. On Sundays in summer the Beacons Bike Bus enables cyclists to take their bikes into the Beacons and then ride back to Cardiff along the Trail.
Nextbike have operated a public bike hire scheme in the city since March The dialling code is optional when dialling within the area, with it being possible to dial between any two phones within the code using only the eight-digit local number. Prior to the Big Number Change on 22 April the area had shorter, six-digit local numbers with an area code of with preceding this, prior to May There remains a common misconception that local numbers are still six digits long and that the code is , despite the existence of newer Cardiff numbers in the ranges 21xx xxxx and 22xx xxxx.
Cardiff is home to four major institutions of higher education: Cardiff University was founded by Royal Charter in as the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire,  is a member of the Russell Group of leading research led universities, having most of its campus in Cathays and the city centre. The total number of higher education students in the city is around 43, Further education is also offered at most high schools in the city.
Cardiff has 3 state nursery schools one bilingual , 98 state primary schools two bilingual, fifteen Welsh medium , and 19 state secondary schools three Welsh medium. As well as academic institutions, Cardiff is also home to other educational and learning organisations such as Techniquest , a hands-on science discovery centre that now has franchises throughout Wales, and is part of the Wales Gene Park in collaboration with Cardiff University, NHS Wales and the Welsh Development Agency WDA.
This office is home to the organisation's curriculum and assessment centre, which is responsible for overseeing the creation and grading of various IBDP assessments. Cardiff Castle is a major tourist attraction in the city and is situated in the heart of the city centre.
The National History Museum at St Fagans in Cardiff is a large open-air museum housing dozens of buildings from throughout Welsh history that have been moved to the site in Cardiff. These buildings are laid out around the Queen Alexandra Gardens, a formal park which contains the Welsh National War Memorial and a number of other, smaller, memorials. The current castle is an elaborately decorated Victorian folly designed by William Burges for the Marquess and built in the s, as an occasional retreat.
However, the Victorian castle stands on the footings of a much older medieval castle possibly built by Ifor Bach , a regional baron with links to Cardiff Castle also. The exterior has become a popular location for film and television productions. It rarely fulfilled its intended role as a retreat for the Butes, who seldom stayed there. For the Marquess, the pleasure had been in its creation, a pleasure lost following Burges's death in Cardiff claims to have the largest concentration of castles of any city in the world.
Archaeological evidence suggests this castle was never finished, and it is debated whether the fortification was of Norman or Welsh origin. The concentration of these castles is indicative of the moveable nature of the border between the Norman lordship of Glamorgan, centred at Cardiff, and its Welsh neighbours to the north. While not strictly castles in the historic sense, there is also the ruined Llandaff Bishop's Palace , a fortified residence belonging to the Bishops of Llandaff and Saint Fagans Castle , a preserved seventeenth century manor house, once the seat of the Earls of Plymouth.
Other major tourist attractions are the Cardiff Bay regeneration sites which include the recently opened Wales Millennium Centre and the Senedd, and many other cultural and sites of interest including the Cardiff Bay Barrage and the famous Coal Exchange. The New Theatre was founded in and completely refurbished in the s. Until the opening of the Wales Millennium Centre in , it was the premier venue in Wales for touring theatre and dance companies.
Other venues which are popular for concerts and sporting events include Motorpoint Arena , St David's Hall and the Principality Stadium. Cardiff Story , a museum documenting the city's history, has been open to the public since spring Cardiff has over 1, listed buildings, ranging from the more prominent buildings such as the castles, to smaller buildings, houses and structures.
Cardiff has walks of special interest for tourists and ramblers alike, such as the Centenary Walk , which runs for 2. This route passes through many of Cardiff's landmarks and historic buildings. Cardiff was a finalist in the European Capital of Culture A large number of concerts are held within the city, the larger ones being performed in St David's Hall, the Motorpoint Arena previously known as the Cardiff International Arena and occasionally the Principality Stadium.
A number of festivals are also held in Cardiff—the largest of these is the Cardiff Big Weekend Festival, which is held annually in the city centre during the summer and plays host to free musical performances from artists such as Ash , Jimmy Cliff , Cerys Matthews , the Fun Loving Criminals , Soul II Soul and the Magic Numbers , fairground rides and cultural events such as a Children's Festival that takes place in the grounds of Cardiff Castle. The annual festival claims to be the UK's largest free outdoor festival, attracting over , visitors in Cardiff hosted the National Eisteddfod in , , , , and Cardiff is unique in Wales in having two permanent stone circles used by the Gorsedd of Bards during Eisteddfodau.
The original circle stands in Gorsedd Gardens in front of the National Museum while its replacement is situated in Bute Park. Since , Cardiff has hosted the BBC Cardiff Singer of the World competition, a world-renowned event on the opera calendar which is held every two years. The city also hosts smaller events. A number of performing arts venues are located within the city. The largest and most prominent of these is the Wales Millennium Centre , which hosts performances of opera, ballet, dance, comedy and musicals, and as of autumn is home to the BBC National Orchestra of Wales. St David's Hall which hosts the Singer of the World competition has regular performances of classical music and ballet as well as music of other genres.
The largest of Cardiff's theatres is the New Theatre , situated in the city centre just off Queen Street. The Cardiff music scene is established and wide-ranging: Cardiff has held a photomarathon in the city each year since , in which photographers compete to take the best 12 pictures of 12 previously unknown topics in 12 hours. Cardiff has a strong nightlife and is home to many bars, pubs and clubs. Most clubs and bars are situated in the city centre, especially St.
The Brewery Quarter on St. Mary Street is a recently developed venue for bars and restaurant with a central courtyard. Charles Street is also a popular part of the city. Other popular parks include Roath Park in the north, donated to the city by the 3rd Marquess of Bute in and which includes a very popular boating lake; Victoria Park, Cardiff 's first official park; and Thompson's Park , formerly home to an aviary removed in the s.
Cardiff is one of the top ten retail destinations in the UK,   with two main shopping streets Queen Street and St. Mary Street , and three main shopping arcades; St. The current expansion of St. David's Centre as part of the St. David's 2 project has seen it become one of the largest shopping centres in the United Kingdom. Also of note is The Hayes , home to Spillers Records , the world's oldest record shop. A locally based television station, Made in Cardiff , is also based in the city centre.
There are also a number of magazines based in the city including Buzz magazine , Primary Times and a monthly papur bro , or Welsh-language community newsletter, called Y Dinesydd The Citizen. The Principality Stadium was one of the first six British landmarks to be fully mapped on Google Street View as a degree virtual tour.
Cardiff plays host to many high-profile sporting events at local, national and international level and in recognition of the city's commitment to sport for all Cardiff has been awarded the title of European Capital of Sport All Wales' multi-sports agencies and many of the country 's sports governing bodies have their headquarters in Cardiff and the city's many top quality venues have attracted world-famous sports events, sometimes unrelated to Cardiff or to Wales.
Rugby union fans around the world have long been familiar with the old National Stadium, Cardiff Arms Park, and its successor the Principality Stadium , which hosted the FA Cup for six years from to it took to rebuild Wembley Stadium. In , Cardiff hosted the first Ashes cricket test, between England and Australia, to be held in Wales.
Cardiff hosted eight football matches of the London Olympics. The club's new home is the Cardiff City Stadium , which until , they rented to the Cardiff Blues the cities professional rugby union team, the Blues returning to the Arms Park.
Cardiff City have played in the English Football League since the —21 season, climbing to Division 1 after one season. Cardiff Metropolitan University F. They were runners up in the Welsh League Cup. Cardiff has numerous smaller clubs including Bridgend Street A. Ladies , Cyncoed Ladies and Cardiff City. During the s, London based football club Wimbledon FC expressed interest in relocating to the city, having been without a home of their own since exiting their own Plough Lane stadium in and ground-sharing with Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park. However, the relocation of the club to Cardiff never happened, and in the club moved to Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire, being rebranded as Milton Keynes Dons a year later.
Cardiff Arms Park Welsh: Parc yr Arfau Caerdydd , in central Cardiff, is among the world's most famous venues—being the scene of three Welsh Grand Slams in the s , and and six Five Nations titles in nine years—and was the venue for Wales' games in the Rugby World Cup. Cardiff Athletic Club and the Welsh Rugby Union established two stadia on the site—Cardiff RFC played at their stadium at the northern end of the site, and the Wales national rugby union team played international matches at the National Stadium, Cardiff Arms Park, which opened in Stadiwm y Mileniwm in —in time for the Rugby World Cup —and is home stadium to the Wales national rugby and football teams for international matches.
Cardiff Cricket Club were formed in , and Glamorgan County Cricket Club have competed as a first class county since Cardiff has a long association with boxing, from 'Peerless' Jim Driscoll —born in Cardiff in —to more recent, high-profile fights staged in the city. Frank Bruno heavyweight championship fight at the Arms Park in , and many of Joe Calzaghe 's fights, between and They play in the 12 team professional Elite Ice Hockey League.
Founded in , and one of the most successful British teams during the nineties.
Cardiff's only American flag football team are the Hurricanes. They won the British Championship in after falling short by 2 points in a quarter final to eventual winners, the London Rebels the previous year. They are based out of Roath Recreational Ground. The Commonwealth Games were hosted by Cardiff. The Games involved 1, athletes from 35 national teams competing in 94 events. When complete, the ISV complex will provide Olympic standard facilities for sports including boxing and fencing , gymnastics, judo , white water events including canoeing and kayaking and wrestling as well as a snow dome with real snow for skiing and snowboarding , an arena for public ice skating and ice hockey and an hotel.
The first ever indoor special stages of the World Rally Championship were held at the Principality Stadium in September and have been an annual event sincve then. During the s, London based football club Wimbledon F. Rise of the Silver Surfer , and Iwan Rheon. He was a British Christian monk, bishop, and founder of monasteries and churches. Reputed to be a cousin, friend, and disciple of Saint David, he was bishop of Llandaff and founder of the first church at Llandaff Cathedral, where his tomb is.
His Saint's Day is ninth of February. Cardiff is also well known for its musicians, such as Ivor Novello , after whom the Ivor Novello Awards are named. Shakin' Stevens was one of the top selling male artists in the UK during the s. Tigertailz , a popular glam metal act in the 80s, also hailed from Cardiff. A number of Cardiff-based bands, such as Catatonia and Super Furry Animals were popular during the s. Cardiff has twinning arrangements with: A total of 28 countries have a diplomatic presence in Cardiff.
The British Embassy of the United States operates a satellite office. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Cardiff disambiguation. Clockwise from top left: City and County of Cardiff and inset within Wales. History of Cardiff and Timeline of Cardiff history. Cardiff Council and National Assembly for Wales. List of places in Cardiff. Cardiff and Vale University Health Board. Christianity in Wales and Religion in Wales. Llandaff Cathedral , an Anglican cathedral, the parish church of Llandaff, the seat of the Bishop of Llandaff , the head of the Church in Wales.
It is also the largest in Wales. Economy and industry of Cardiff. List of tallest buildings in Cardiff. Rail transport in Cardiff. Cardiff Airport and Cardiff Heliport. Bus transport in Cardiff. List of Wales dialling codes. List of schools in Cardiff. Architecture of Cardiff and Listed buildings in Cardiff. Culture and recreation in Cardiff , List of cultural venues in Cardiff , and List of public art in Cardiff. List of people from Cardiff. Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 18 November Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 6 April Archived from the original on 15 January Retrieved 17 July Retrieved 9 June Longplayer SRS Ltd trading as http: Archived from the original on 23 December Retrieved 30 September A History of Wales.
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Archived from the original on 17 January Retrieved 31 December Retrieved 8 May A History of the Town and Castle of Cardiff. Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 4 March The Welsh Academy Encyclopedia of Wales. University of Wales Press. Irish Migrants in Modern Wales.
Retrieved 2 October The Cambridge Social History of Britain, — Retrieved 23 April Archived from the original on 4 January City Status in the British Isles, — Formal Recognition by Government". University of Wales Press, Archived from the original PDF on 8 April Archived from the original PDF on 28 May Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 22 October Retrieved 2 April Speed dating Cardiff, ages , guideline only. For ticket prices, please click here Additional fees may apply. As we all know cities are a tough place to meet new people, we look to make it a whole lot easier.
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You can also check out our guide to Cardiff. Got an event that's not listed or need to update your events details? Add your Dating event free of charge, using our Promotion Centre. Prices shown above may include 'On the door' prices as well as online prices available through Skiddle. Prices may be subject to booking fees and handling charges and may increase over time. Information is entered by event organisers and may be subject to change, please see event page for latest information.